Top medic claims that water births are only suitable for clinical trials

A Fatal Accident Inquiry (FAI) in Forfar has been told by an expert witness that births in which birthing pools are used are “experimental” and should only be used in clinical trials.

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Transport to hospital also a concern

The inquiry was hearing evidence about the death of a baby girl who was a few hours old and had been born in a community midwife unit. The expert witness, Dr. Peter Fowlie, is a paediatric consultant and also the regional director for neonatal transport. He said that if specialist doctors had examined the baby earlier, her life could possibly have been saved.

In Scotland, water births are offered to expectant mothers who are going to give birth at home, in hospital and in midwife units. Dr. Fowlie said that there was an ongoing debate about the safety of delivering babies in water, although there was evidence that during labour, being in water could help the mother.

The inquiry had previously heard evidence that the midwife-run unit was in an emergency response blackspot. Travelling by specialist transport to Dundee, the nearest suitable hospital, could take hours. Dr. Fowlie made the point that a small number of babies who were unexpectedly born in a critical condition, even with a neo-natal unit available in the facility, would still die.

Concerns and evidence on water births

Some of the most common concerns raised by clinicians about water births include water aspiration, possible infection in the baby and mother, and the body temperature control of both mother and baby.

If you’re wondering where can I find a contract research organization, you’ll be pleased to learn a number of contract research organization options exist and carry out research in these kinds of areas. However, one of the more recent papers was from two academic researchers, Kate Young and Sue Kruske of Queensland Centre for Mothers & Babies at the University of Queensland.

They carried out a review of the evidence on the safety of giving birth in water. They wanted to find out how valid the concerns about safety were. They found that there wasn’t much of an evidence base for a lot of the concerns.

However, the debate continues, and many paediatricians believe that water births are not the safest way of giving birth.

Great Pregnancy Fitness Tips

Great Pregnancy Fitness TipsThere are many reasons why you ought to stay fit and active during your pregnancy. The most obvious one is that you’ll be able to keep your weight under control. In addition, you are likely to be free from various health issues that generally occur during this period. You will also have a very easy delivery if your body is strong and healthy.

The following tips will help you stay fit during your pregnancy:

1. 40 – 50 minutes of cardio everyday: Running (out in the open or in a gym) is great ways to boost your metabolism. If you’ve been doing this regularly before getting pregnant then there is really no need to stop now. You also might have to reduce the distance you run. Be sure to stop this as soon as you feel pain or discomfort. Aggressive power walking is a very good alternative to running.

2. Swimming: This is a fantastic exercise for the whole body because it does not put pressure on your joints. You will also love the feeling of weightlessness that water gives.

3. Yoga and Pilates: These exercises are great ways to strengthen your muscles and increase your flexibility. There are many prenatal exercise classes that will enable you to have the exact kind of workout you require when you are carrying a child.

4. Ask your doctor before you start exercising: This is of the greatest importance since there are certain exercises that you shouldn’t do in your condition. If you have health issues they might get aggravated if you exercise. It is only in very rare situations that you should stop exercising altogether; most women are able to stay reasonably fit during this period.

5. Always focus on safety when exercising: You need to let your body be your guide when you exercise while being pregnant. If you feel pain or discomfort while doing anything then you ought to stop doing it immediately. You should also wear the correct footwear when exercising, especially during the second half of your pregnancy, since your ligaments become loose due to hormonal changes.

6. Stay active at all times: Do not give up on any opportunity to get exercise. Go on foot when running errands instead of taking your car out.

You will find it very easy to stay fit when you are expecting your child if you follow these tips. You’ll be glad that you took the effort when your baby arrives and you have lots of

Burn Fat Quickly With These Simple Fitness Tips

Burn Fat Quickly With These 3 Simple Fitness TipsIf you want to burn fat quickly you MUST get control of your eating habits. This is the biggest struggle for most people when it comes to long term weight loss success.

We’ve been brought up in a society where eating has become an emotional and social process, instead of one of health, fitness and survival.

In other words, if you want to burn fat quickly, you almost have to reverse an entire life’s learning when it comes to your nutrition.

Not easy but it can be done.

Here are three simple weight loss nutrition tips you can work on to get you started.

It’s important not to overwhelm yourself by making a lot of radical changes all at the same time.

1. Burn fat quickly by keeping your diet simple

A lot of people make eating and nutrition way too complicated and are always trying to figure out what to eat for their next meal.

The more complicated you make your diet, the more likely that you’ll fall off the wagon and sabotage yourself.

At least for now, limit your meal variety. Keep things plain and simple.

At least Monday through Friday, I eat basically the same meals every day, with little variety. I don’t have to think about my nutrition too much.

This makes it easy to stay on my diet whether I’m on a muscle building program or I want to burn fat quickly and lose weight.

It’s not all that difficult to do if you know on the weekend you can loosen up a little bit and have yourself a treat (but don’t go completely crazy and ruin everything you did during the week).

2. Burn fat quickly by giving your nutrition program your full attention

Once you pick a nutrition program, whether it’s Atkins, the South Beach Diet or Weight Watchers, forget about other programs and stick with it.

Give it your full attention and you’ll see results.

Just like with your fitness program, if you constantly jump around from one diet program to the next, you’ll never see the results you want.

3. Burn fat quickly by taking responsibility

You are responsible for your successes AND your failures. Take responsibility for them.

Forget about your genetics, your challenging situation, everything life is throwing at you that isn’t fair, your lack of time, or any other excuse that you can think of to quit or explain away your lack of results.

What you do or don’t do is entirely up to you. Don’t blame your circumstances for your lack of progress.

Take responsibility for yourself.

Everything worth having, whether it’s the promotion at work or a great body, has some sort of price tag on it, whether it’s working long hours, or getting up at 4:30 am to workout because that’s the only time you have available.

The bigger the prize, the bigger the sacrifice.

If you struggle with your weight because you’ve always made all the wrong decisions with your eating and exercising (or lack off), it’s going to be tough for you to make the necessary changes.

Tough but not impossible. And the bigger the challenge, the more amazing the rewards.

You really won’t believe the feeling you have when you finally are able to burn fat quickly, get in shape and feel great about how you look and how you feel.

How to Grow Muscle

How to Grow MuscleThis article is for everyone who wants to learn the true tricks and fitness tips about growing muscles. In this brief guide I have some shocking myth busters for you!

Body building is an old practice, which started in the ancient times. This has been one of the most prominent and favorite hobbies of men belonging to different parts of the world for the last number of centuries. It has come down to the modern men from the men of the past. Thus, the men of today still follow the old rules fabricated by the men in the past. All these rules may not be accurate and true but their age makes them authentic for many. Following is a list of some body building myths and some valuable tricks and fitness tips to help you know the true guidelines to grow muscles. These are based on proper research and guidance from experts. Thus, you can trust these without a tinge of doubt.

12 Repetition Rule

You must have been told by your instructor or your gym companions that an ideal weight training program should generally be based on ’12 repetition rule’ for gaining muscles. However, the truth is quite contrary to this cliché idea. ’12 Repetition Rule’ is not sufficient enough to provide tension for effective muscle growth. High tension exercises, for instance heavy weights offer effective muscle growth because muscles grow larger with the increase in strength. Longer tension time also provides the muscles great endurance.

Eight to twelve repetition rules offer a good balance but it is not ideal to stick to these rules for good. Unless and until higher tensions are not followed, muscles would not grow the way you want them to. The process will slower down and become ineffective for most of us. The best combination could be heavier weights and lesser reps or lighter weights and more reps – it is one golden rule of how to grow muscle.

Three Set Rule

The ‘three set rule’ has become old enough to be dumped away. To be very honest, there is nothing wrong with it, but then there is nothing even very extraordinary about it. The plain truth is that set rule shall depend on every person’s individual goals. The best way to deal with this is to keep the overall number of reps done on an exercise equal. You can do this by lowering the sets of exercises that you frequently repeat.

Three-to-Four Exercises per Group

This rule is a complete loss of time and energy. This never generates effective results. Instead of relying on the variety of exercises, you must rely on more reps of one-to-two exercises. Take this as an important rule for learning how to grow muscle.

Lift weights and Draw Abs

The idea that lifting weights can draw abs is not based on reality. This is rather crazy! The truth is that in order to sculpt your abs, you need to follow proper diet and exercise plan. Mere lifting of weights would never help you achieve the abs of your dreams.

Fitness Tips For Fall

Fitness Tips For FallFall is here but does that mean that your fitness goals will be blown way like the leaves from the trees?

Exercising at the gym can yield some amazing results, but if you have not done this before you may feel uneasy about starting. It is easy to think that everyone knows what they are doing apart from yourself. You may worry about looking a klutz, or imagine that your body does not look as good as others, or whether you are able to do the exercises.

At the outset this is usually OK because most gyms will break you in gently just to show you the various exercise machines but later you may become confused unless you have engaged a personal trainer. You may even find yourself in the unfortunate position of not being able to remember what has been shown you and further add to your embarrassment.

Stand back for a second and remember that these feelings are not unique to you – everyone joining the gym for the first time feels the same. As each day passes your confidence will grow and within time you’ll be strolling through your gym exercises with all the poise of a consummate fitness pro!

Try these fitness tips to help you through your fledgling stages:

1. If you’re a rank amateur, you may consider engaging a trainer to start of with until you become more experienced or alternatively go along to the training classes with a friend, so that way you can both learn together.

2. Decide which days you are going to go to the gym, and make a contract with yourself that nothing short of an emergency will stop you from going. The idea is to make going to the gym a habit just like taking a shower or brushing your teeth. Over the passage of time your persistence will be rewarded as the new dynamic, physically fit individual emerges.

3. Don’t rely on your memory when a staff member is showing you how to use the machines at the initial lesson but instead take a few brief notes so that when you come back you have a record of what machine does what and how you should operate it and for how long.

4. Remember to wear loose clothes or clothes with plenty of stretch. Many people go out and buy workout clothes that are too tight in anticipation of their new weight reduced size, but when the weight reduction takes longer than anticipated the tight clothing can be a constant nag.

5. Many people get hung up over being over weight – don’t be! In some respects it is better to be a few pounds overweight as your results will be more noticeable than for slim people and you will find this will motivate you to carry on with your routine with increased vigour. Be sure and take a photo of yourself before you start exercising so that you have a before and after record of your success!

6. Take it east to start with. The danger is to push yourself to the max straight away become fatigued and take a day of to recover. Missing a session occasionally is OK but miss too many and you may just decide not to continue. So initially at least take your time and work at your own pace then you can increase your tempo as your stamina increases.

7. For some of us that are carrying a few more pounds than we should we may have a problem with our stomachs being too large to fit behind some of the exercise machines – don’t despair! Try building up your fitness and losing some weight on the treadmill to begin with before moving on to some of the other machines. Also consider swimming as an occasional alternative to gym exercise.

8. Most gyms and health clubs want repeat customers so don’t be afraid to ask the staff questions. If you have forgotten how to use a particular machine or how to set it up for your height and weight make sure that you get someone to help you – they need your business, so ask!

9. When using a treadmill if you find your knee and ankle joints complaining when you increase the speed try increasing the gradient instead. It might surprise you to learn that with the treadmill on an incline and on a slower speed you will burn more calories than if you go jogging.

10. You need to push yourself a little to make progress but don’t be too hard on yourself either. Try exercising twenty minutes on the treadmill, then increase the speed or incline to push your envelope slightly. If you want to succeed at anything you have to put the work in!


Eat Right and Stay Fit

Eat Right and Stay FitStaying fit involves more effort than just working out a few times a week. While it is certainly important to exercise, eating the right foods is equally important. You cannot simply exercise and continue to eat the same way you were eating before you began a fitness program-at least not if you expect to make lifestyle changes that will be beneficial to your good health. Eating healthy means more than just minimizing your intake of calories; it means eating the right kinds of foods in order to maintain healthy blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

One of the biggest problems that affects people in the 21st century is finding (or making) the time to eat healthy foods. Everyone seems to be on the go, and as a result there is a tendency to eat foods that are quick and easy albeit unhealthy. Sadly people do not realize until it is too late that they can actually accomplish both. One of the easiest ways to eat healthy when you have limited time is to take the free time you have and do all your cooking for the week and freeze it. If you don’t have the freezer space to store meals for the entire week you can prepare meals for a few days and heat them in the microwave just as you would a high calorie fatty processed food meal.

If your schedule causes you to be late for lunch and you have a tendency to snack, you can still eat healthy. Instead of going to the vending machine for a candy bar bring your own supply of fruits and vegetables. You can sit at your desk and work while you munch on slices of carrots and celery or slices of apples, oranges or bananas. Even if your company doesn’t have a refrigerator (a rarity today) you can choose fruits and vegetables that do not require refrigeration.

Exercise is an important part of fitness as well, but so many people today are busy with jobs and school that they don’t feel they have the time to fit in an exercise program. If you fit into that category, there are several easy ways you can fit in exercise without taking away from other things that take up your time. You may have read these exercise tips before, but they are certainly worth repeating.

* When you go shopping park your car as far away from the store as possible and walk the extra distance.
* Instead of using the elevator take the stairs.
* Incorporate your cleaning time into an exercise routine-i.e. work hard at vacuuming rather than working at a leisurely pace.
* Instead of taking your dog for a leisurely walk, make it into a brisk walk that will provide the increase in heart rate you need to make it a healthy walk.

No matter how little time you have available, there are always things you can do to live a healthy lifestyle. The key is investing the time to do what is necessary to maintain fitness and healthy eating.

Fitness Tips For Women in Menopause

Fitness Tips For Women in MenopauseWomen in menopause age experience a lot of body changes in terms of hormone imbalance such that they have sleep problems, mood swings, hot flashes and other problems. Routines for such women can help a lot especially in the prevention of chronic diseases such as breast cancer and heart attacks. Tips for women in menopause can be many and varied but the best thing is to follow whatever works out for you.

During menopause, chances of weight increase are high which has its side effects too hence fitness tips for women in menopause comes in handy. Fitness activities at this time should be simple and not very intense because at this time the woman’s bones may not be very strong to stand rough exercises because of the advanced age.

Fitness tips for women at this time revolve around doing activities that can help to reduce menopause symptoms. It is wise to consult a doctor before doing any fitness routine especially if you are experiencing adverse menopause symptoms.

There are fitness tips for women that are geared towards helping you improve your mood by developing positive attitudes while some are to help you loose weight that you might have acquired at the start of the period.

This can be obtained from personal doctors or online sites. You will get tips on what fitness exercises to do to strengthen your bones as well as prevent diseases. Fitness tips for women in general may work out too if you are in menopause but avoid the ones that may hurt you.

Winter Fitness Tips

Winter Fitness TipsThe winter season is filled with tempting dishes, delectable sweets, and yummy cocktails. It’s easy to get swept up into the cycle of unhealthy eating. Don’t worry, there are surefire ways to stay fit, and make healthy choices while enjoying this season. Here is a list of 7 fitness tips to keep you focused:

1. STAY FOCUSED! If you have a workout routine that’s 3-5 times per week, stay focused! Don’t lose sight of your goals. It’s very easy to miss workouts, but trust us, your body will reap the rewards by sticking to a plan.

2. ONCE-A-DAY! Make sure that you get in at least ONE activity per day. Yep, that means getting up and moving your body! Walking, running, stairs, free weights, etc. If you can commit 30 minutes per day, you will be maintaining your body’s muscle memory, and stamina.

3. BALANCE WITH MACRONUTRIENTS! We suggest a protein rich diet as protein increases your metabolism by 20%. Balancing protein with veggies is a definite way to burn those calories, while still building muscle mass.

4. LIMIT YOUR ALCOHOL INTAKE! There is nothing wrong with a cocktail here and there. Remember, this is the holiday season! We know how festive parties can be, with specialty holiday drinks, wine, and eggnog. For every one drink, follow up with a tall glass of water.

5. WATER, WATER, WATER!!! You know just as well as I do that water is vital to your body’s overall health and digestion. While every person’s body is different, on average, I recommend 3-5 tall glasses per day. We wash our faces and bodies every morning in the shower. Drinking water is like washing the inside.

6. APPLE CIDER VINEGAR! This ancient tonic provides smooth digestion, and overall wellness for your temple. Ingesting one teaspoon twice a day will work wonders, for inner and outer beauty. If straight Apple Cider Vinegar is to strong for you to gulp by the teaspoon, try diluting a teaspoon in one tall glass of water.

7. PROTECT YOUR SKIN! Dermatologist Dr. Neil Sadick warns that your skin is no less vulnerable to the sun’s radiation during cold weather. This means that wearing protective clothing and sunscreen is JUST AS IMPORTANT during winter months. Make sure to bundle up when exercising outdoors!!!

Ways To Get Fit In The Pool

Ways To Get Fit In The PoolBeing physically fit is a goal that we want – or that we should want! Being fit helps us to live longer, have more energy and just live healthier. The secret to getting and staying fit is to find an exercise that you enjoy. For many people – it’s working out in a pool. Exercising in a pool especially helps those that have joint problems. The water helps with the impact on your muscles and joints. If you don’t think that there is an indoor pool in your area – check around. There may be one that’s open to the public at a Community College, etc.

Here are three ways that you can get fit by having fun and going to the pool.

1. One of the best exercises that you can do is simply swimming. It burns a lot of calories – and most everyone likes to go for a swim. If you do decide that you want swim as an exercise choice – make sure that you find a pool that has a special area for those swimming laps. And, many pools have specific times set up for adults only. Trying to swim for fitness while trying to dodge those playing can drive you a little crazy!

2. Water aerobics is a super way to use the pool to stay fit. Many local YMCA’s or fitness centers have instructors. Many places have different levels of difficulty. Make sure that you start out in the beginner’s class – especially if you are just started to work on your fitness. Don’t try to do too much too soon. Water aerobics is a fun way to exercise and get in shape. Don’t worry if you find it hard at first – it’s a good workout!

3. Walking/Running in the pool is something that many do to stay in shape – while others do it while they are recovering from an injury. Many think that running and walking in a pool is better than doing it outside on the roads. You don’t have the impact on your knees/joints in the pool that you have otherwise. Also, the water adds resistance that will make you work harder and get a great workout.

Remember the pool doesn’t have to just be for summer and vacation fun. If you’ve been wanting to get back to exercising – head to the pool! It’s a great way to get in shape, stay in shape and have fun doing it.

Is Walking Really Exercise

s Walking Really ExerciseI recently read a post by my friend Karen McCoy (who is also a past interview) and she was talking about walking and how it is/is not exercise. She says walking is not an exercise. Walking is an activity.

This triggered something in me as I’ve been thinking about writing about this very subject as well, I just wasn’t sure on which direction to take it in. Well, thanks to Karen, now I do!

First of all, I want to say I agree with Karen. Plain and simple, walking is NOT an exercise, it is an activity. Let me give you an example: We walk to and from the TV to the refrigerator, some people have to walk to take the garbage out. Even though this is walking, this is NOT and exercise.

I can hear it now, “Andrew, that’s not the kind of walking I’m talking about. The walking I do is around the block, that’s exercise, right?” Well, now it goes to the idea as to what you consider to be exercise. The best definition of exercise I found was, again, from Karen.

“Exercise is when we train our bodies in a structured environment to attain a higher level of fitness and health.”

Using this definition, which is spot on in my book, walking around the block is NOT exercise. Now, just to add a bit of “Andrew Philosophy” to this, if you walk around the block with the intention of raising your heart rate and sweating, then maybe I can lean towards your way of thinking. But you’ll still have to convince me because a block isn’t that long of a walk (unless you live out in the country where a block could be a couple of MILES long!)

Saying all this, I will tell you I like to walk. I put on my headphones and listen to motivational stuff and different radio programs (I’m a Lex and Terry junkie!). But when I walk, I concentrate on upping my walking pace. So much so that when I’m done, I’m almost out of breath and yes, I’m sweating. So, I call this a form of power walking. I going out with the intention of attaining a higher level of fitness and health. I also do a push up and sit up routine before/after my “walk”, but that’s a whole different story.

My parents both walk everyday, but I defy ANYONE to keep up with them! Even those Dad is 73 years old and Mom is a tad over 29 years old (*grin*), they are in great shape. Why? Because their “walk” is done with the intention “to attain a higher level of fitness and health”. So, in saying that, Yes their walk is exercise.

Saying that, going out for an evening stroll with your sweetie is a nice thing to do (and it’s better than sitting down watching TV), but it is NOT exercise.

Do you get the difference?

Now, I also will say that if you are currently doing NOTHING in terms of exercising, then yes walking is a great start BUT makes sure you progress from a walk around the block to something more physical to attain a higher degree of fitness, ok?

Coach Red, The Interview Series’ VPT, says “if you have a fat dog, you’re not getting enough exercise“. In terms of going out and doing something for yourself, she’s right. Walking your dog is NOT considered exercise, but it IS better than sitting in the house doing nothing, and it’s great for your dog as well!